Observe the simple tips in the vaccination of poultry in the beverage articles
Observe the notes in simplified to instill beverage:
Simple tips to observe a sustained vaccination beverage Magazine July 21st 1393 مقدمهواکسیناسیون group the herd through the drinking water, is one of the simple and fast procedures for the vaccination operations. This is the …
Observe the notes in simplified to instill beverage
Simple tips to observe a sustained vaccination beverage Magazine 30 July 1393
Vaccination is a group the herd through the drinking water, is one of the simple and fast procedures for the vaccination operations. This method is less stress for the birds because they need to collect birds, taking them and then the implementation of the vaccination operations. If you want the same performance group vaccination method of vaccination have solo, the implementation of this approach requires careful management. This article has as much as eat n provide simple guidelines for better and more effective enforcement operations have tried to instill into the drinking method.
The goal of
The purpose of the implementation of the vaccination programme should receive the proper dose vaccine group beverage by any of the birds. The implementation of these operations came to vaccination, the best way to protect the herds against existing pathogens in the environment, or by creating a passive security transmitted through the mother, protect the results.
The vaccination program
The vaccination program and a variety of vaccines for this program will be determined by your vet.
Calculate the amount of consumed water
In drinking water, which is the purpose of vaccination contains vaccines for 5/1-2 hours by the herd. If the time is less than 5/1 vaccine dose is enough to get all the birds.
If this time is more than 2 hours may also be vaccinated before they are consumed by the birds die. The direction of the water required for the implementation of the vaccination operations stipulated time period the amount of drinking water that normally within 2-5/1 hour is consumed must be estimated. A day before the vaccination operations and 45 minutes after the hour, taking the distribution of water every 2 hours in the Hall for the duration of the measuring accuracy. On the day of the implementation of the vaccination operations, 60 minutes for the bird of the water can be deprived of its water intake relative to normal conditions. With this in mind the duration of exclusion, should be 5% to the amount of water added is also calculated.
The amount of water needed for drinking vaccination
Maintains water vaccination
(Liters per 1000 birds)
3-2 25 Lt
October 10-50 ml
15-11 60 liters
* Provided that the temperature of the Hall c.
** The amount of water needed to carry out the vaccination beverage usually about 60-50% of the usual amount of daily water consumption will be a bird.
Protect the live vaccine
If the water contains chlorine ion or high amounts of heavy metals, live or killed vaccine will no longer be effective. Water used for vaccination can be dissolved with low-fat milk (2 grams fat dry milk was taken per liter of water) or commercial products by the companies producing protective vaccines vaccines are available in the market for chlorine ion neutralization and Vaccine protection against the heavy metals get ready . Chlorine ion neutralization should be at least 20 minutes before you add the water to the vaccine. Microbial bio-layer over the amounts on the lines of water reduce the impact Salon reaction. Clean up the layers of sediment from the water and microbial Hall with the use of proper compounds, according to the different types of drinker (cupped, jingles and so on) at the time of application for a salon cleaning routine should do. For more information in this regard to the apex of the single lines and health systems (Sep 1387).
(Drinking in the vaccination the aim is to contain vaccines for 5/1-2 hours by the herd. If the time is less than 5/1 vaccine dose is sufficient, all birds will not get)
How to storage and transportation of vaccines:
Vaccine refrigerator temperature and 8-2 ° c must be maintained. A maximum minimum thermometer, to control the temperature regularly.
The amount of the dosage required is calculated on the basis of every 1000 birds.
The transfer of vaccine storage location must be within the vaccination operations cool bag or box or styrofoam for ranging from maintaining the temperature in terms of the 8-2 ° c to ensure.
The equipment needed for the vaccination operations:
Plastic tank (with a size of approximately 80 liters)
ظرفهای small water sprinklers that water and the role of the Distributor, or in the best case to the shape of the container for vaccination with the volume 10-5 liters.
Graded glass container
Clean bucket or hose for the mixing of milk fat and the withdrawal of the vaccine was taken
Milling machine (plastic)
A piece of wood, plastics, for example a long oar
How to prepare vaccines and the vaccination operations – reminded a few important tips:
1) preparation of vaccines must be carried out on a clean surface (for this purpose use the disposable tablecloths or newspaper and kitchen cleanliness that on the surface of a desk have been flattened. )
2) in all phases of the disposable gloves must be used.
3 chlorine ion neutralization solution) beginning in a small volume of solution of the main vaccinations (10-5 liters) and then mixed with more volume of water. To become the ion neutralizes chlorine in water should be at least 20 min n to abandon.
4) metal cap remove vaccine glass
Approximately one to two liters 5) out of the blue that it is neutralized the chlorine ion in a small container. Glass contains water to below the level of vaccine froberdeh and then a cork Cap remove vaccine.
Before carrying out the vaccination schedule must be mapped. While this is supposed to be vaccinated several venues in one day to every Salon should have a schedule will be prepared
6) from dissolving tablets to ensure vaccine.
The desired solution 7) gently and completely stir and then the rest of the water required the equivalent of taking days before the Salon during 2-5/1 hours after the distribution of the additional 5% added to the Don is added to the solution.
The above solution 8) fully with the rest of the water contained in the tank mixture, and stir well with a plastic rod or mentioned in the following solution put water spraying with water spraying suckers tube sinking within this solution well stirred.
9) before the drinking Hall to the level of the birds are brought down all the water they must contain all the vaccines are filled with water containing vaccines they should be filled. In halls equipped with drinking nipple pail at the end of the line, put the water to drain without the vaccine available in the water line. As a general guide of every 3 meters long nipple drinker must be line 1 liter of water to drain out. This action for all the lines of the existing water supply in the water until the repeat vaccine containing Rainbow view. When draining the water to complete the usual height of a water supply line to the Hall available to bring down the birds.
10) during the implementation of the vaccination at least domertbeh among the birds move to the Hall to make them uniform consumption and encourage the flow of vaccines as well as having all the vaccines at the drinker are you sure.
Drinking bird watching 11) behavior, and in this case, please ensure that all birds have access to the water and a dose of the vaccine.
Taking the vaccine, 12) speed monitoring of the accuracy of their calculations put up in conjunction with taking the vaccine solution during the period of 2 hours was sure. Note: at the start of the implementation of the vaccination operations taking vaccines are relatively more rapidly done.
13) when the water contains vaccines at the drinker to consume water main pipe to the receipt should آبخوریها be added. Vaccines not be diluted by the addition of water main pipe.
14) all equipment used in the operation of vaccination must be clean. But for cleaning disinfection of not using them.
Clean and store the equipment used in the operation of vaccination:
* Equipment used in vaccination wash with clean water. In this respect, article of any detergent or disinfectant use.
* All the desired equipment inside the plastic bag have been caulking and put in place cleanliness at the farm store.
* The water supply system should be clean Salon.
Schedule the implementation of the vaccination operations:
The day before the vaccination schedule must be mapped. While this is supposed to be vaccinated several venues in one day to every Salon should have a schedule and the operation to be performed when the proper implementation of the prescribed period of time any vaccination Hall in action.
Continuing the example of the implementation of the vaccination schedule for a Salon:
* 45/8 hours-8 am: Don and water distribution
* 45 hours/8 am: close the drinking water and let the remaining water birds within the drinker to consume (about 20 minutes)
* 05/9 am: drinking or drinking Hall lines to drag up the birds available.
* 05/10-05/9 am: it's time for the exclusion of water birds. The size of the water within 2-5/1 hour vaccine gets drunk.
* 10/10: the remaining water in each water supply line feeding or make out (per 3 m water supply line is the equivalent of a litre) of water where up to white (Milky) switches whether. Then drinking water supply lines or get down to the birds that they can use.
* 10/12-10/10 morning: this operation can be done for the vaccination. During the vaccination period two times we walked up from the flow between birds vaccinated within all lines of water and also ensure all drinking games.
* 10/12 pm: the main hall of the water after the vaccination. At this time the birds from the original water tank clean.
Evaluation of the amount of work the catalyst, method of vaccination beverage:
After the completion of the vaccination operations affect the rate of efficiency of vaccination is important. This monitoring can be colored using products that create color spots on the efficiency of their bird language. It is recommended that to assess how to carry out operations at least once in each vaccination, herd of colored pills. In this respect the frequency of existing products. The intensity of the blue color on the bird's language after the vaccination operations depending on the type of color tablets used varies gradually with the passage of time, its effectiveness is reduced.
In assessing the extent of the operation efficiency of vaccination must carefully follow the instructions producers follow colored pills. For this purpose, you must have at least a hundred different places the bird out of the three numbers in the Hall to determine the approximate amount of colorful language and being fit, being colored it with a dose of vaccine, test case. If the vaccination operations have been conducted successfully at least 90% of the birds test cases based on recommendations of the manufacturer of the above, irrespective of color well.
If there is a vaccination rate of efficiency of operation in the case of the herd, there is doubt and doubt production manager of farm or the vet informed مسئولبایست.
(The vaccination team flock to simple and fast method for drinking method of implementation of vaccination against the disease, which can be good to create uniformity and ایمنیت)
Interpretation of serological
Must remember to apparently correct ways birds vaccination alone does not suffice, and meant to be vaccinated against a disease for which ایمنیت have been. The amount of باردیابی the presence of ایمنیت antibodies associated with the disease can be evaluated. It would be a simple biochemical method using ELiSA the presence of antibodies in the sample detects a do. When the vaccination operations perform successfully accepted that the level of antibodies (or headline) in the sample above, and also a variation between individuals of at least تیترهای. Generally, three weeks after the vaccination operations (or conflict) increased amounts of antibodies. The headline must be خونگیری with antibodies is a sample of the population (20 birds) are determined.
(Achieving satisfactory results only in the shadow of the vaccination operations in the implementation of good management and careful monitoring of birds for an appropriate reaction to vaccination is possible)
The amount of antibody produced by any bird to some factors depend on the following:
* The method of implementation of vaccination: for example by performing the vaccination procedure beverage than more robust antibodies spray method.
* The vaccination program: what type of vaccine, and what حدتی?
For example, I would appreciate any additional vaccines will have the ability to produce Visual security will be higher (due to the production of more antibodies values)
* Old age
* Type of bird
* The factors that cause suppression of the immune system.
When assessing the amount of bird vaccine reactions should consider the following two factors are
* Headline that surely the amount of antibodies are produced that have any of the birds actually measure for determining the rate of reaction of the immune system.
* Coefficient of variation (cv) indicates the extent of the similarity values of تیترهای any other bird with bird antibodies within the same population.
In total for all the diseases must be less than 50% of the amount of cv. It also must be noted that each farm to determine the rate of reaction of the production of antibodies from a headline base ایمنیت threshold is used. This is the eve of the expected headline base ایمنیت or the reaction of the production of antibodies, as well as the desired cv for each of the diseases that the birds have been vaccinated against them you provides.
The basic principle of the ایمنیت threshold average base تیترهای total taken from farms during the past 12 months and get a vaccination program using the same. If the headline ahead of the expected base تیترهای about ایمنیت the company is a manufacturer of vaccines must be pointed out that the subject of the review and vary in order to correct what needs to be done, the necessary measures. More information about the efficiency of the reaction of the birds to determine the extent of vaccination can be a regional veterinary authorities of acquisition.
Vaccination is a group the herd approach to simple and fast way of drinking for the implementation of the vaccination operations which can be good and ایمنیت against the disease, to create uniformity.
Because in this way the bird will be less manipulation can improve measurable functions, such as the process of weight gain it in the future, the monotony of the herd, the production of eggs and chickens to be effective during the feature. But it should be noted that the achievement of satisfactory results only in the shadow of good management referred to in the implementation of the vaccination operations and accurate monitoring for an appropriate reaction of the birds to the vaccination is possible.